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History Behind brand names....

by ater

History Behind brand names....


It got its name because its founders got started by applying patchesto code written for NCSA's httpd daemon. The result was 'A PAtCHy'server - thus, the name Apache.

(project from Apache)A project constituted by SUN and Apache to create a web serverhandling servlets and JSPs. Jakarta was name of the conference room atSUN where most of the meetings between SUN and Apache took place.

The servlet part of the Jakarta project. Tomcat was the code name forthe JSDK 2.1 project inside SUN.

Dennis Ritchie improved on the B programming language and called it'New B'. He later called it C. Earlier B was created by Ken Thompsonas a revision of the Bon programming language (named after his wifeBonnie).

Bjarne Stroustrup called his new language 'C with Classes' and then'new C'. Because of which the original C began to be called 'old C'which was considered insulting to the C community. At this time RickMascitti suggested the name C++ as a successor to C.

A species of African antelope. Founder of the GNU project RichardStallman liked the name because of the humor associated with itspronunciation and was also influenced by the children's song 'The GnuSong' which is a song sung by a gnu. Also it fitted into the recursiveacronym culture with 'GNU's Not Unix'.

Originally called Oak by creator James Gosling, from the tree thatstood outside his window, the programming team had to look for asubstitute, as there was no other language with the same name. Javawas selected from a list of suggestions. It came from the name of thecoffee that the programmers drank.

Combination of two popular Korean brands Lucky and Goldstar.

Linus Torvalds originally used the Minix OS on his system, which hereplaced by his OS. Hence the working name was Linux (Linus' Minix).He thought the name to be too egotistical and planned to name it Freax(free + freak + x). His friend Ari Lemmke encouraged Linus to uploadit to a network so it could be easily downloaded. Ari gave Linus adirectory called Linux on his FTP server, as he did not like the nameFreax. (Linus's parents named him after two-time Nobel Prize winnerLinus Pauling).

When Marc Andreesen, founder of Netscape, created a browser to replaceMosaic (also developed by him), it was named Mozilla (Mosaic-KillerGodzilla). The marketing guys didn't like the name however and it wasre-christened Netscape Navigator.

Red Hat
Company founder Marc Ewing was given the Cornell lacrosse team cap(with red and white stripes) while at college by his grandfather. Helost it and had to search for it desperately. The manual of the betaversion of Red Hat Linux had an appeal to readers to return his RedHat if found by anyone!

"Systems, Applications, Products in Data Processing", formed by 4ex-IBM employees who used to work in the'Systems/Applications/Projects' group of IBM.

(UNIX)From Santa Cruz Operation. The company's office was in Santa Cruz.

When Bell Labs pulled out of MULTICS (MULTiplexed Information andComputing System), which was originally a joint Bell/GE/MIT project,Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie of Bell Labs wrote a simpler versionof the OS. They needed the OS to run the game Space War that wascompiled under MULTICS. It was called UNICS - UNIplexed operating andComputing System by Brian Kernighan. It was later shortened to UNIX.

The inventor, Chestor Carlson, named his product trying to say `dry'(as it was dry copying, markedly different from the then prevailingwet copying). The Greek root `xer' means dry.

Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company started off by mining thematerial corundum used to make sandpaper.

This was actually the financier's daughter's name.

This came from name of the river Adobe Creek that ran behind the house of founder John Warnock.

Computers It was the favorite fruit of founder Steve Jobs. He was three monthslate in filing a name for the business, and he threatened to call hiscompany Apple Computers if the other colleagues didn't suggest abetter name by 5 O'clock.

It is not an acronym as popularly believed. It is short for San Francisco.

This name was formed by using COMp, for computer, and PAQ to denote asmall integral object.

The name was derived from the founder's name Dr. Michael Cowpland. Itstands for COwpland REsearch Laboratory.

The name started as a joke boasting about the amount of informationthe search-engine would be able to search. It was originally named'Googol', a word for the number represented by 1 followed by 100zeros. After founders Stanford graduate students Sergey Brin and LarryPage presented their project to an angel investor, they received acheque made out to 'Google'

Founder Jack Smith got the idea of accessing e-mail via the web from acomputer anywhere in the world. When Sabeer Bhatia came up with thebusiness plan for the mail service, he tried all kinds of names endingin 'mail' and finally settled for hotmail as it included! the letters"html" - the programming language used to write web pages. It wasinitially referred to as HoTMaiL with selective uppercasing.

Hewlett Packard
Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard tossed a coin to decide whether thecompany they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard orPackard-Hewlett.

Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore wanted to name their new company 'MooreNoyce' but that was already trademarked by a hotel chain so they hadto settle for an acronym of INTegrated ELectronics.

Lotus (Notes)
Mitch Kapor got the name for his company from 'The Lotus Position' or'Padmasana'. Kapor used to be a teacher of Transcendental Meditationof Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

Coined by Bill Gates to represent the company that was devoted toMICROcomputer SOFTware. Originally christened Micro-Soft! , the '-'was removed later on.

Founder Paul Galvin came up with this name when his company startedmanufacturing radios for cars. The popular radio company at the timewas called Victrola.

Larry Ellison and Bob Oats were working on a consulting project forthe CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). The code name for the projectwas called Oracle (the CIA saw this as the system to give answers toall questions or something such). The project was designed to help usethe newly written SQL code by IBM. The project eventually wasterminated but Larry and Bob decided to finish what they started andbring it to the world. They kept the name Oracle and created the RDBMSengine. Later they kept the same name for the company.

It originated from the Latin word 'sonus' meaning sound, and 'sonny' aslang used ! by Americans to refer to a bright youngster.

Founded by 4 Stanford University buddies, SUN is the acronym forStanford University Network. Andreas Bechtolsheim built amicrocomputer; Vinod Khosla recruited him and Scott McNealy tomanufacture computers based on it, and Bill Joy to develop aUNIX-based OS for the computer.

The word was invented by Jonathan Swift and used in his book'Gulliver's Travels'. It represents a person who is repulsive inappearance and action and is barely human. Yahoo! Founders Jerry Yangand David Filo selected the name because they considered themselvesyahoos.

11 Rules of Life : Bill Gates

by ater

11 Rules of Life : Bill Gates

I found this article .This may have been circulating in the net for a while. I find it interesting, rule 1 and 11 rocks!

Mr Gates talks about how feel-good, politically correct teachings created a generation of kids with no concept of reality and how this concept set them up for failure in the real world.

Rule 1: Life is not fair - get used to it!

Rule 2: The world won't care about your self-esteem. The world will expect You to accomplish something BEFORE you feel good about yourself.

Rule 3: You will NOT make $60,000 a year right out of high school. You won't be a vice-president with a car phone until you earn both.

Rule 4: If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss.

Rule 5: Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your Grandparents had a different word for burger flipping - they called it opportunity.

Rule 6: If you mess up, it's not your parents' fault, so don't whine about your mistakes, learn from them.

Rule 7: Before you were born, your parents weren't as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you thought you are. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parent's generation, try delousing the closet in your own room.

Rule 8: Your school may have done away with winners and losers, but life HAS NOT. In some schools they have abolished failing grades and they'll give you as MANY TIMES as you want to get the right answer. This doesn't bear the slightest resemblance to ANYTHING in real life.

Rule 9: Life is not divided into semesters. You don't get summers off and Very few employers are interested in helping you FIND YOURSELF. Do that on your Own time.

Rule 10: Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

Rule 11: Be nice to nerds. Chances are you'll end up working for one.

This is an excerpt from Bill Gates recent speech at a High School about 11 things they did not and will not learn in school. He talks about how feel-good, politically correct teachings created a generation of kids with no concept of reality and how this concept set them up for failure in the real world.

This is how my countryworks

by ater

This is how my countryworks ........ realllyyyyyyyyyy .......sad

Salary & Govt. Concessions for a Member of Parliament (MP)

Monthly Salary : 12,000
Expense for Constitution per month : 10,000
Office expenditure per month : 14,000
Traveling concession (Rs. 8 per km) : 48,000 ( eg.For a from kerala to Delhi & return: 6000 km)
Daily DA TA during parliament meets : 500
Charge for 1 class (A/C) in train : Free (For any number of times) (All over India )
Charge for Business Class in flights : Free for 40 trips / year (With wife or P.A.)
Rent for MP hostel at Delhi : Free
Electricity costs at home : Free up to 50,000 units
Local phone call charge : Free up to 1 ,70,000 calls.
TOTAL expense for a MP per year : 32,00,000
TOTAL expense for 5 years : 1,60,00,000

For 534 MPs, the expense for 5 years : 8,54,40,00,000 (nearly 855 cores)

And they are elected by THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, by the largest democratic .

This is how all our tax money is been swallowed and price hike on our regular commodities....... Think of the great democracy we have.............

process in the world, not intruded into the parliament on their own or by any qualification.


by ater

Indian Prime MInister: Can Any One beat him


EDUCATION /Qualification:

1950: Stood first i! n BA (Hons), Economics, Punjab University, Chandigarh,
1952; Stood first in MA (Economics), Panjab University, Chandigarh,
1954; Wright's Prize for distinguished performance at St John's College,Cambridge,
1955 and 1957; Wrenbury scholar, University of Cambridge,
1957; DPhil (Oxford), DLitt (Honoris Causa); PhD thesis on India's export competitiveness

OCCUPATION /Teaching Experience:

Professor (Senior lecturer, Economics,
1957-59; Reader, Economics,
1959-63;Professor, Economics, Panjab University, Chandigarh,
1963-65; Professor, International Trade, Delhi School of Economics,University of Delhi,
1969-71; Honorary professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University,New Delhi,
1976 and Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi,
1996 and Civil Servant

Working Experience/ POSITIONS:

1971-72: Economic advisor, ministry of foreign trade
1972-76: Chief economic advisor, ministry of finance
1976-80: Director, Reserve Bank of India; Director, Industrial Development Bank of India; Alternate governor for India, Board of governors, Asian Development Bank; Alternate governor for India, Board of governors, IBRD November
1976 - April 1980: Secretary, ministry of finance (Department of economic affairs); ! Member, finance, Atomic Energy Commission; Member,finance, Space Commission
April 1980 - September 15, 1982: Member-secretary, Planning Commission
1980-83: Chairman, India Committee of the Indo-Japan joint study committee
September 16, 1982 - January 14, 1985: Governor, Reserve Bank of India.
1982-85: Alternate Governor for India, Board of governors, International Monetary Fund
1983-84: Member, economic advisory council to the Prime Minister
1985: President, Indian Economic Association
January 15, 1985 - July 31, 1987: Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission
August 1, 1987 - November 10, 19! 90: Secretary-general and commissioner, south commission, Geneva
December 10, 1990 - March 14, 1991: Advisor to the Prime Minister on economic affairs
March 15, 1991 - June 20, 1991: Chairman, UGC
June 21, 1991 - May 15, 1996: Union finance minister
October 1991: Elected to Rajya Sabha from Assam on Congress ticket
June 1995: Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
1996 onwards: Member, Consultative Committee for the ministry of finance
August 1, 1996 - December 4, 1997: Chairman, Parliamentary standing committee on commerce March 21, 1998 onwards: Leader of the Opposition, Rajya Sabha
June 5, 1998 onwards: Member, committee on finance
August 13, 1998 onwards: Member, committee on rules
Aug 1998-2001: Member, committee of privileges 2000 onwards: Member, e! xecutive committee, Indian parliamentary group
June 2001: Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
Aug 2001 onwards: Member, general purposes committee


India's Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth -Clarendon Press, Oxford University, 1964; also published a large number ofarticles in various economic journals.


Adam Smith Prize, University of Cambridge, 1956
Padma Vibhushan, 1987
Euro money Award, Finance Minister of the Year, 1993;
Asia money Award, Finance Minister of the Year for Asia, 1993 and 1994


1966: Economic Affairs Officer
1966-69: Chief, financing for trade section, UNCTAD
1972-74: Deputy for India in IMF Committee of Twenty on International Monetary Reform
1977-79: Indian delegation to Aid-India Consortium Meetings
1980-82: Indo-Soviet joint planning group meeting
1982: Indo-Soviet monitoring group meeting
1993: Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting Cyprus 1993: Human Rights World Conference, Vienna


Gymkhana Club, New Delhi; Life Member, India International Centre, New Delhi

Name: Dr Manmohan Singh
DOB: September 26, 1932
Place of Birth: Gah (West Punjab)
Father: S. Gurmukh Singh
Mother: Mrs Amrit Kaur
Married on: September 14, 1958
Wife: Mrs Gursharan Kaur
Children: Three daughters