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World cup stadiums in South africa

by ater

THE 2010 FIFA STADIA

THE next fifa world cup is going to be held in south Africa and below are the
stadias in which the matches are going to be played

Johannesburg World Cup 2010 Stadium (*US$220M) 95,000 Seats *Upgrade
Opening match, one semi final and the final match of the tournament.

Cape Town World Cup 2010 Stadium (US$ 420M) 70,000 Seats
Semi final match of the tournament.

Durban World Cup 2010 Stadium (*US$ 260M) 70,000 Seats *Upgrade

Nelspruit World Cup 2010 Stadium (US$ 110M) 40,000 Seats

Rustenburg World Cup 2010 Stadium 40,000 Seats

Pretoria World Cup 2010 Stadium 50,000 Seats

Polokwane World Cup 2010 Stadium 40,000 Seats

Port Elizabeth World Cup 2010 Stadium 50,000 Seats

Bloemfontein World Cup 2010 Stadium 40,000 Seats

The french test their first nuke

by ater

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The image “http://asisfiles.com/makerstep/1/1.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.


The image “http://asisfiles.com/makerstep/1/2.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.

The image “http://asisfiles.com/makerstep/1/3.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.

the french recently tested their nuclear weapon.i was just hoping they dont use it .....by the way some of these photos were long exposure photographs..explaining the long plume of smoke

A gamer whom everyone is to be proud of

by ater





Ben Underwood just made my day. I've never seen anything quite like what he can do with a controller, much less the awesome stuff he can do outside of that. The next time you bitch about not being able to beat that score or win that match, I bet you'll remember this guy. Apparently he's mastered something called echolocation - the same thing that dolphins use to place their position within their surroundings.

ATRE

A C-17 landing on a carrier deck

by ater

When Insults Had Class

by ater

When Insults Had Class

“He has all the virtues I dislike and none of the vices I admire.”

–Winston Churchill

“I have never killed a man, but I have read many obituaries with great pleasure.”

–Clarence Darrow

“He has never been known to use a word that might send a reader to the dictionary.”

–William Faulkner (about Ernest Hemingway)

"Poor Faulkner. Does he really think big emotions come from big words?"

—Ernest Hemingway (about William Faulkner)

“I’ve had a perfectly wonderful evening. But this wasn’t it.”

–Groucho Marx

“I didn’t attend the funeral, but I sent a nice letter saying I approved of it.”

–Mark Twain

“He has no enemies, but is intensely disliked by his friends.”

–Oscar Wilde

“I am enclosing two tickets to the first night of my new play; bring a friend... if you have one.”

–George Bernard Shaw to Winston Churchill

“Cannot possibly attend first night; will attend second, if there is one.”

–Winston Churchill’s response to George Bernard Shaw

“I feel so miserable without you; it’s almost like having you here.”

–Stephen Bishop

“He is a self-made man and worships his creator.”

–John Bright

“I’ve just learned about his illness. Let’s hope it’s nothing trivial.”

–Irvin S. Cobb

“He is not only dull himself; he is the cause of dullness in others.”

–Samuel Johnson

“He is simply a shiver looking for a spine to run up.”

–Paul Keating

“He had delusions of adequacy.”

–Walter Kerr

“Why do you sit there looking like an envelope without any address on it?”

–Mark Twain

“His mother should have thrown him away and kept the stork.”

–Mae West

“Winston, if you were my husband, I would poison your coffee!”

–Lady Astor to Winston Churchill at a dinner party

“Madam, if I were your husband, I would drink it!”

–Winston Churchill’s response to Lady Astor

"Thank you for sending me a copy of your book; I'll waste no time reading it."

—Moses Hadas

"There's nothing wrong with you that reincarnation won't cure."

—Jack E. Leonard

"He has the attention span of a lightning bolt."

—Robert Redford

"They never open their mouths without subtracting from the sum of human knowledge."

—Thomas Brackett Reed

"He inherited some good instincts from his Quaker forebears, but by diligent hard work, he overcame them."

—James Reston (about Richard Nixon)

"In order to avoid being called a flirt, she always yielded easily."

—Charles, Count Talleyrand

"He loves nature in spite of what it did to him."

—Forrest Tucker

"He can compress the most words into the smallest idea of any one I know."

—Abraham Lincoln

"His mother should have thrown him away and kept the stork."

—Mae West

"He uses statistics as a drunken man uses lamp-posts — for support rather than illumination."

—Andrew Lang (1844-1912)

"He has Van Gogh's ear for music."

—Billy Wilder

“Some cause happiness wherever they go; others, whenever they go.”

–Oscar Wilde

"You, Mr. Wilkes, will die either of the pox or on the gallows."

–The Earl of Sandwich

"That depends, my lord, whether I embrace your mistress or your principles."

–John Wilkes's response to The Earl of Sandwich

"A modest little person, with much to be modest about."

—Winston Churchill

From You've Got Laughs! The Big Book of Internet Humor by Al Lowe,

ATRE

History Behind brand names....

by ater

History Behind brand names....

Apache

It got its name because its founders got started by applying patchesto code written for NCSA's httpd daemon. The result was 'A PAtCHy'server - thus, the name Apache.

Jakarta
(project from Apache)A project constituted by SUN and Apache to create a web serverhandling servlets and JSPs. Jakarta was name of the conference room atSUN where most of the meetings between SUN and Apache took place.

Tomcat
The servlet part of the Jakarta project. Tomcat was the code name forthe JSDK 2.1 project inside SUN.

C
Dennis Ritchie improved on the B programming language and called it'New B'. He later called it C. Earlier B was created by Ken Thompsonas a revision of the Bon programming language (named after his wifeBonnie).

C++
Bjarne Stroustrup called his new language 'C with Classes' and then'new C'. Because of which the original C began to be called 'old C'which was considered insulting to the C community. At this time RickMascitti suggested the name C++ as a successor to C.

GNU
A species of African antelope. Founder of the GNU project RichardStallman liked the name because of the humor associated with itspronunciation and was also influenced by the children's song 'The GnuSong' which is a song sung by a gnu. Also it fitted into the recursiveacronym culture with 'GNU's Not Unix'.

Java
Originally called Oak by creator James Gosling, from the tree thatstood outside his window, the programming team had to look for asubstitute, as there was no other language with the same name. Javawas selected from a list of suggestions. It came from the name of thecoffee that the programmers drank.

LG
Combination of two popular Korean brands Lucky and Goldstar.

Linux
Linus Torvalds originally used the Minix OS on his system, which hereplaced by his OS. Hence the working name was Linux (Linus' Minix).He thought the name to be too egotistical and planned to name it Freax(free + freak + x). His friend Ari Lemmke encouraged Linus to uploadit to a network so it could be easily downloaded. Ari gave Linus adirectory called Linux on his FTP server, as he did not like the nameFreax. (Linus's parents named him after two-time Nobel Prize winnerLinus Pauling).

Mozilla
When Marc Andreesen, founder of Netscape, created a browser to replaceMosaic (also developed by him), it was named Mozilla (Mosaic-KillerGodzilla). The marketing guys didn't like the name however and it wasre-christened Netscape Navigator.

Red Hat
Company founder Marc Ewing was given the Cornell lacrosse team cap(with red and white stripes) while at college by his grandfather. Helost it and had to search for it desperately. The manual of the betaversion of Red Hat Linux had an appeal to readers to return his RedHat if found by anyone!

SAP
"Systems, Applications, Products in Data Processing", formed by 4ex-IBM employees who used to work in the'Systems/Applications/Projects' group of IBM.

SCO
(UNIX)From Santa Cruz Operation. The company's office was in Santa Cruz.

UNIX
When Bell Labs pulled out of MULTICS (MULTiplexed Information andComputing System), which was originally a joint Bell/GE/MIT project,Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie of Bell Labs wrote a simpler versionof the OS. They needed the OS to run the game Space War that wascompiled under MULTICS. It was called UNICS - UNIplexed operating andComputing System by Brian Kernighan. It was later shortened to UNIX.

Xerox
The inventor, Chestor Carlson, named his product trying to say `dry'(as it was dry copying, markedly different from the then prevailingwet copying). The Greek root `xer' means dry.

3M
Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company started off by mining thematerial corundum used to make sandpaper.

Mercedes
This was actually the financier's daughter's name.

Adobe
This came from name of the river Adobe Creek that ran behind the house of founder John Warnock.

Apple
Computers It was the favorite fruit of founder Steve Jobs. He was three monthslate in filing a name for the business, and he threatened to call hiscompany Apple Computers if the other colleagues didn't suggest abetter name by 5 O'clock.

CISCO
It is not an acronym as popularly believed. It is short for San Francisco.

Compaq
This name was formed by using COMp, for computer, and PAQ to denote asmall integral object.

Corel
The name was derived from the founder's name Dr. Michael Cowpland. Itstands for COwpland REsearch Laboratory.

Google
The name started as a joke boasting about the amount of informationthe search-engine would be able to search. It was originally named'Googol', a word for the number represented by 1 followed by 100zeros. After founders Stanford graduate students Sergey Brin and LarryPage presented their project to an angel investor, they received acheque made out to 'Google'

Hotmail
Founder Jack Smith got the idea of accessing e-mail via the web from acomputer anywhere in the world. When Sabeer Bhatia came up with thebusiness plan for the mail service, he tried all kinds of names endingin 'mail' and finally settled for hotmail as it included! the letters"html" - the programming language used to write web pages. It wasinitially referred to as HoTMaiL with selective uppercasing.

Hewlett Packard
Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard tossed a coin to decide whether thecompany they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard orPackard-Hewlett.

Intel
Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore wanted to name their new company 'MooreNoyce' but that was already trademarked by a hotel chain so they hadto settle for an acronym of INTegrated ELectronics.

Lotus (Notes)
Mitch Kapor got the name for his company from 'The Lotus Position' or'Padmasana'. Kapor used to be a teacher of Transcendental Meditationof Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

Microsoft
Coined by Bill Gates to represent the company that was devoted toMICROcomputer SOFTware. Originally christened Micro-Soft! , the '-'was removed later on.

Motorola
Founder Paul Galvin came up with this name when his company startedmanufacturing radios for cars. The popular radio company at the timewas called Victrola.

ORACLE
Larry Ellison and Bob Oats were working on a consulting project forthe CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). The code name for the projectwas called Oracle (the CIA saw this as the system to give answers toall questions or something such). The project was designed to help usethe newly written SQL code by IBM. The project eventually wasterminated but Larry and Bob decided to finish what they started andbring it to the world. They kept the name Oracle and created the RDBMSengine. Later they kept the same name for the company.

Sony
It originated from the Latin word 'sonus' meaning sound, and 'sonny' aslang used ! by Americans to refer to a bright youngster.

SUN
Founded by 4 Stanford University buddies, SUN is the acronym forStanford University Network. Andreas Bechtolsheim built amicrocomputer; Vinod Khosla recruited him and Scott McNealy tomanufacture computers based on it, and Bill Joy to develop aUNIX-based OS for the computer.

Yahoo!
The word was invented by Jonathan Swift and used in his book'Gulliver's Travels'. It represents a person who is repulsive inappearance and action and is barely human. Yahoo! Founders Jerry Yangand David Filo selected the name because they considered themselvesyahoos.

11 Rules of Life : Bill Gates

by ater

11 Rules of Life : Bill Gates

I found this article .This may have been circulating in the net for a while. I find it interesting, rule 1 and 11 rocks!

Mr Gates talks about how feel-good, politically correct teachings created a generation of kids with no concept of reality and how this concept set them up for failure in the real world.

Rule 1: Life is not fair - get used to it!

Rule 2: The world won't care about your self-esteem. The world will expect You to accomplish something BEFORE you feel good about yourself.

Rule 3: You will NOT make $60,000 a year right out of high school. You won't be a vice-president with a car phone until you earn both.

Rule 4: If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss.

Rule 5: Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your Grandparents had a different word for burger flipping - they called it opportunity.

Rule 6: If you mess up, it's not your parents' fault, so don't whine about your mistakes, learn from them.

Rule 7: Before you were born, your parents weren't as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you thought you are. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parent's generation, try delousing the closet in your own room.

Rule 8: Your school may have done away with winners and losers, but life HAS NOT. In some schools they have abolished failing grades and they'll give you as MANY TIMES as you want to get the right answer. This doesn't bear the slightest resemblance to ANYTHING in real life.

Rule 9: Life is not divided into semesters. You don't get summers off and Very few employers are interested in helping you FIND YOURSELF. Do that on your Own time.

Rule 10: Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

Rule 11: Be nice to nerds. Chances are you'll end up working for one.

This is an excerpt from Bill Gates recent speech at a High School about 11 things they did not and will not learn in school. He talks about how feel-good, politically correct teachings created a generation of kids with no concept of reality and how this concept set them up for failure in the real world.

This is how my countryworks

by ater

This is how my countryworks ........ realllyyyyyyyyyy .......sad


Salary & Govt. Concessions for a Member of Parliament (MP)

Monthly Salary : 12,000
Expense for Constitution per month : 10,000
Office expenditure per month : 14,000
Traveling concession (Rs. 8 per km) : 48,000 ( eg.For a from kerala to Delhi & return: 6000 km)
Daily DA TA during parliament meets : 500
Charge for 1 class (A/C) in train : Free (For any number of times) (All over India )
Charge for Business Class in flights : Free for 40 trips / year (With wife or P.A.)
Rent for MP hostel at Delhi : Free
Electricity costs at home : Free up to 50,000 units
Local phone call charge : Free up to 1 ,70,000 calls.
TOTAL expense for a MP per year : 32,00,000
TOTAL expense for 5 years : 1,60,00,000

For 534 MPs, the expense for 5 years : 8,54,40,00,000 (nearly 855 cores)

And they are elected by THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, by the largest democratic .

This is how all our tax money is been swallowed and price hike on our regular commodities....... Think of the great democracy we have.............

process in the world, not intruded into the parliament on their own or by any qualification.

THE INDIAN 'MAN'

by ater

Indian Prime MInister: Can Any One beat him


'MAN'MOHAN SINGH



EDUCATION /Qualification:

1950: Stood first i! n BA (Hons), Economics, Punjab University, Chandigarh,
1952; Stood first in MA (Economics), Panjab University, Chandigarh,
1954; Wright's Prize for distinguished performance at St John's College,Cambridge,
1955 and 1957; Wrenbury scholar, University of Cambridge,
1957; DPhil (Oxford), DLitt (Honoris Causa); PhD thesis on India's export competitiveness

OCCUPATION /Teaching Experience:

Professor (Senior lecturer, Economics,
1957-59; Reader, Economics,
1959-63;Professor, Economics, Panjab University, Chandigarh,
1963-65; Professor, International Trade, Delhi School of Economics,University of Delhi,
1969-71; Honorary professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University,New Delhi,
1976 and Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi,
1996 and Civil Servant

Working Experience/ POSITIONS:

1971-72: Economic advisor, ministry of foreign trade
1972-76: Chief economic advisor, ministry of finance
1976-80: Director, Reserve Bank of India; Director, Industrial Development Bank of India; Alternate governor for India, Board of governors, Asian Development Bank; Alternate governor for India, Board of governors, IBRD November
1976 - April 1980: Secretary, ministry of finance (Department of economic affairs); ! Member, finance, Atomic Energy Commission; Member,finance, Space Commission
April 1980 - September 15, 1982: Member-secretary, Planning Commission
1980-83: Chairman, India Committee of the Indo-Japan joint study committee
September 16, 1982 - January 14, 1985: Governor, Reserve Bank of India.
1982-85: Alternate Governor for India, Board of governors, International Monetary Fund
1983-84: Member, economic advisory council to the Prime Minister
1985: President, Indian Economic Association
January 15, 1985 - July 31, 1987: Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission
August 1, 1987 - November 10, 19! 90: Secretary-general and commissioner, south commission, Geneva
December 10, 1990 - March 14, 1991: Advisor to the Prime Minister on economic affairs
March 15, 1991 - June 20, 1991: Chairman, UGC
June 21, 1991 - May 15, 1996: Union finance minister
October 1991: Elected to Rajya Sabha from Assam on Congress ticket
June 1995: Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
1996 onwards: Member, Consultative Committee for the ministry of finance
August 1, 1996 - December 4, 1997: Chairman, Parliamentary standing committee on commerce March 21, 1998 onwards: Leader of the Opposition, Rajya Sabha
June 5, 1998 onwards: Member, committee on finance
August 13, 1998 onwards: Member, committee on rules
Aug 1998-2001: Member, committee of privileges 2000 onwards: Member, e! xecutive committee, Indian parliamentary group
June 2001: Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
Aug 2001 onwards: Member, general purposes committee

BOOKS:

India's Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth -Clarendon Press, Oxford University, 1964; also published a large number ofarticles in various economic journals.

OTHER ACCOMPLISHMENTS:

Adam Smith Prize, University of Cambridge, 1956
Padma Vibhushan, 1987
Euro money Award, Finance Minister of the Year, 1993;
Asia money Award, Finance Minister of the Year for Asia, 1993 and 1994

INTERNATIONAL ASSIGNMENTS:

1966: Economic Affairs Officer
1966-69: Chief, financing for trade section, UNCTAD
1972-74: Deputy for India in IMF Committee of Twenty on International Monetary Reform
1977-79: Indian delegation to Aid-India Consortium Meetings
1980-82: Indo-Soviet joint planning group meeting
1982: Indo-Soviet monitoring group meeting
1993: Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting Cyprus 1993: Human Rights World Conference, Vienna

RECREATION:

Gymkhana Club, New Delhi; Life Member, India International Centre, New Delhi

Name: Dr Manmohan Singh
DOB: September 26, 1932
Place of Birth: Gah (West Punjab)
Father: S. Gurmukh Singh
Mother: Mrs Amrit Kaur
Married on: September 14, 1958
Wife: Mrs Gursharan Kaur
Children: Three daughters

awesome mysteries

by ater

Futility Closet

Joseph Rodriguez

Posted Greg Ross on July 3rd, 2006

Four-year-old Joseph Rodriguez had been playing outside his aunt's residence in East Harlem in September 1936 when he disappeared.

A few days later, his aunt received the following telegram:

Pauline, Joseph will be back on Wednesday. Doctor will not let me move him.

But Joseph never reappeared. His disappearance is one of the oldest unsolved missing persons cases in New York City.


The Gentle Sex


Posted by Greg Ross on June 29th, 2006

The first known serial killer was actually a woman, known as Locusta, a professional poisoner who lived in Rome during the first century A.D.

In 54, she killed the Emperor Claudius with a poisoned dish of mushrooms, and the following year she was convicted of a separate poisoning. Hearing of this, Nero rescued her from execution — so she could poison Britannicus for him.

They made a good partnership, Nero guaranteeing her safety during his lifetime, but when he died the Romans took an awful revenge. According to legend, Locusta was publicly raped by a specially trained giraffe, then torn apart by wild animals. Talk about cruel and unusual.


Copycat

Posted on June 21st, 2006


In 1964-65, a mysterious killer murdered six prostitutes around London, leaving their nude bodies in various locations around the city or dumping them in the Thames.

His identity has never been determined, but he's known as Jack the Stripper.


Långrocken

Posted Greg Ross on June 11th, 2006


In 1893, five years after Jack the Ripper disappeared from London, someone began attacking and raping women and girls in the Swedish city of Norrköping.

He struck in the early snowy months, all over Norrköping and always after dark, alarming the city, which came to know him as Långrocken, "the Longcoat." As many as 18 undercover policemen patrolled in women's clothes in an attempt to trap him, to no avail.

The attacks stopped suddenly in the spring. The crimes have never been solved.


D.B. Cooper

Posted by Greg Ross on June 9th, 2006

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Dbc.jpg

FBI age progression of D.B. Cooper, who ransomed 36 airline passengers for $200,000 in 1971, then ordered the plane into the air again and jumped out somewhere over southwest Washington.

No trace of him has ever been found. It's still the world's only unsolved skyjacking.


“No Tips Either Way”: Solution

Posted by Greg Ross on April 20th, 2006

Solution to "No Tips Either Way," from Wednesday — meals requested by entertainers and death-row inmates:

A. Neil Diamond ("Love on the Rocks")
5. Chinese takeout, coffee

B. Nelly ("Hot in Herre")
7. Baked salmon, french fries, fruit platter, salad, soda

C. Smokey Robinson ("Tears of a Clown"):
1. BBQ chicken wings, chips, fruit, ginger ale

D. B.B. King ("The Thrill Is Gone")
8. Nothing

E. Cornelius Goss (beat a Dallas homeowner to death with a board):
2. 1 apple, 1 orange, 1 banana, coconut, peaches

F. Gerald Mitchell (shotgunned two customers during a Houston drug deal)
6. 1 bag of assorted Jolly Ranchers

G. James Collier (shot two Wichita Falls residents while stalking his daughter)
9. Thirty jumbo shrimp, cocktail sauce, baked potato, French fries, ketchup, butter, one T-bone steak, one chocolate malt, one gallon of vanilla ice cream, and three cans of Big Red

H. James Powell (raped and murdered a 10-year-old in Beaumont)
3. One pot of coffee

I. Paul Nuncio (strangled a 61-year-old in Plainview)
4. Enchiladas, burritos, chocolate ice cream, cantaloupe (whole, split in half)


No Tips Either Way

Posted by Greg Ross on April 19th, 2006

Okay, you're a chef. Which of these trays was requested for a singer's dressing room, and which is the last meal of a Texas death-row inmate?

A. Neil Diamond ("Love on the Rocks")
B. Nelly ("Hot in Herre")
C. Smokey Robinson ("Tears of a Clown")
D. B.B. King ("The Thrill Is Gone")
E. Cornelius Goss (beat a Dallas homeowner to death with a board)
F. Gerald Mitchell (shotgunned two customers during a Houston drug deal)
G. James Collier (shot two Wichita Falls residents while stalking his daughter)
H. James Powell (raped and murdered a 10-year-old in Beaumont)
I. Paul Nuncio (strangled a 61-year-old in Plainview)

1. BBQ chicken wings, chips, fruit, ginger ale
2. 1 apple, 1 orange, 1 banana, coconut, peaches
3. One pot of coffee
4. Enchiladas, burritos, chocolate ice cream, cantaloupe (whole, split in half)
5. Chinese takeout, coffee
6. 1 bag of assorted Jolly Ranchers
7. Baked salmon, french fries, fruit platter, salad, soda
8. Nothing
9. Thirty jumbo shrimp, cocktail sauce, baked potato, French fries, ketchup, butter, one T-bone steak, one chocolate malt, one gallon of vanilla ice cream, and three cans of Big Red

I'll give the answers tomorrow.


One Up, One Down

Posted by Greg Ross on April 16th, 2006

In Britain during the 1700s, pickpocketing was punishable by death … but the public hangings became prime targets for pickpockets.


Benjamin Bathurst

Posted by Greg Ross on April 10th, 2006

On Nov. 25, 1809, British diplomat Benjamin Bathurst was preparing to leave the small German town of Perleberg. He stood outside the inn, watching his portmanteau being loaded onto the carriage, stepped out of the light, and was never seen again.

A nearby river was dragged, and outbuildings, woods, ditches, and marshes were searched, but no trace of Bathurst was ever found. A reward was offered for information, but none came forth.

Bathurst had been urging Austria into war against the French, but Napoleon swore on his honor that he had played no part in the disappearance. The mystery has never been solved.



ATRE

by ater

Is Vista really dependable......................




Vista in a sea of security softwares.......................
atre

god destroying dinos

by ater

Turn Your Brain Into A Powerful Thinking Machine

by ater

10 Amazingly Simple Tricks To Turn Your Brain Into A Powerful Thinking Machine


There are two basic principles to keep your brain healthy and sharp as you age: variety and curiosity. When anything you do becomes second nature, you need to make a change. If you can do the crossword puzzle in your sleep, it’s time for you to move on to a new challenge in order to get the best workout for your brain. Curiosity about the world around you, how it works and how you can understand it will keep your brain working fast and efficiently. Use the ideas below to help attain your quest for mental fitness.

1. Read a Book

Pick a book on an entirely new subject. Read a novel set in Egypt. Learn about economics. There are many excellent popular non-fiction books that do a great job entertaining you while teaching about a subject. Become an expert in something new each week. Branch out from familiar reading topics. If you usually read history books, try a contemporary novel. Read foreign authors, the classics and random books. Not only will your brain get a workout by imagining different time periods, cultures and peoples, you will also have interesting stories to tell about your reading, what it makes you think of and the connections you draw between modem life and the words.

2. Play Games

Games are a wonderful way to tease and challenge your brain. Suduko, crosswords and electronic games can all improve your brain’s speed and memory. These games rely on logic, word skills, math and more. These games are also fun. You’ll get benefit more by doing these games a little bit every day-spend 15 minutes or so, not hours.

3. Use Your Opposite Hand

Spend the day doing things with your non-dominant hand. If you are left-handed, open doors with your right hand. If you are right-handed, try using your keys with your left. This simple task will cause your brain to lay down some new pathways and rethink daily tasks. Wear your watch on the opposite hand to remind you to switch.

4. Learn Phone Numbers

Our modem phones remember every number that calls them. No one memorizes phone numbers anymore, but it is a great memory Skill. Learn a new phone number everyday.

5. Eat for Your Brain

Your brain needs you to eat healthy fats. Focus on fish oils from wild salmon, nuts such as walnuts, seeds such as flax seed and olive oil. Eat more of these foods and less saturated fats. Eliminate transfats completely from your diet.

6. Break the Routine

We love our routines. We have hobbies and pastimes that we could do for hours on end. But the more something is second nature, the less our brains have to work to do it. To really help your brain stay young, challenge it. Change routes to the grocery store, use your opposite hand to open doors and eat dessert first. All this will force your brain to wake up from habits and pay attention again.

7. Go a Different way

Drive or walk a different way to wherever you go. This little change in routine helps the brain practice special memory and directions. Try different side streets go through stores in a different order anything to change your route.

8. Learn a New Skill

Learning a new skill works multiple areas of the brain. Your memory comes into play, you learn new movements and you associate things differently. Reading Shakespeare, learning to cook and building an airplane out of tooth picks all will challenge your brain and give you something to think about.

9. Make Lists

Lists are wonderful. Making lists helps us to associate items with one another. Make a list of all the places you have traveled. Make a list of the tastiest foods you have eaten. Make a list of the best presents you have been given. Make one list every day to jog your memory and make new connections. But don’t become too reliant on them. Make your grocery list, but then try to shop without it. Use the list once you have put every item you can think of in your cart. Do the same with your “to do” lists.

10. Choose a new skill

Find something that captivates you that you can do easily in your home and doesn’t cost too much. Photography with a digital camera, learning to draw, learning a musical instrument learning new cooking styles, or writing are all great choices.


20 Useless Body Parts

by ater

20 Useless Body Parts (Why Do / Did We Need Them?)


VOMERONASAL ORGAN
A tiny pit on each side of the septum is lined with nonfunctioning chemoreceptors. They may be all that remains of a once extensive pheromone-detecting ability.

EXTRINSIC EAR MUSCLES
This trio of muscles most likely made it possible for prehominids to move their ears independently of their heads, as rabbits and dogs do. We still have them, which is why most people can learn to wiggle their ears.

WISDOM TEETH
Early humans had to chew a lot of plants to get enough calories to survive, making another row of molars helpful. Only about 5 percent of the population has a healthy set of these third molars.

NECK RIB
A set of cervical ribs—possibly leftovers from the age of reptiles—still appear in less than 1 percent of the population. They often cause nerve and artery problems.

THIRD EYELID
A common ancestor of birds and mammals may have had a membrane for protecting the eye and sweeping out debris. Humans retain only a tiny fold in the inner corner of the eye.

DARWIN’S POINT
A small folded point of skin toward the top of each ear is occasionally found in modern humans. It may be a remnant of a larger shape that helped focus distant sounds.

SUBCLAVIUS MUSCLE
This small muscle stretching under the shoulder from the first rib to the collarbone would be useful if humans still walked on all fours. Some people have one, some have none, and a few have two.

PALMARIS MUSCLE
This long, narrow muscle runs from the elbow to the wrist and is missing in 11 percent of modern humans. It may once have been important for hanging and climbing. Surgeons harvest it for reconstructive surgery.

MALE NIPPLES
Lactiferous ducts form well before testosterone causes sex differentiation in a fetus. Men have mammary tissue that can be stimulated to produce milk.

ERECTOR PILI
Bundles of smooth muscle fibers allow animals to puff up their fur for insulation or to intimidate others. Humans retain this ability (goose bumps are the indicator) but have obviously lost most of the fur.

APPENDIX
This narrow, muscular tube attached to the large intestine served as a special area to digest cellulose when the human diet consisted more of plant matter than animal protein. It also produces some white blood cells. Annually, more than 300,000 Americans have an appendectomy.

BODY HAIR
Brows help keep sweat from the eyes, and male facial hair may play a role in sexual selection, but apparently most of the hair left on the human body serves no function.

PLANTARIS MUSCLE
Often mistaken for a nerve by freshman medical students, the muscle was useful to other primates for grasping with their feet. It has disappeared altogether in 9 percent of the population.

THIRTEENTH RIB
Our closest cousins, chimpanzees and gorillas, have an extra set of ribs. Most of us have 12, but 8 percent of adults have the extras.

MALE UTERUS
A remnant of an undeveloped female reproductive organ hangs off the male prostate gland.

FIFTH TOE
Lesser apes use all their toes for grasping or clinging to branches. Humans need mainly the big toe for balance while walking upright.

FEMALE VAS DEFERENS
What might become sperm ducts in males become the epoophoron in females, a cluster of useless dead-end tubules near the ovaries.

PYRAMIDALIS MUSCLE
More than 20 percent of us lack this tiny, triangular pouchlike muscle that attaches to the pubic bone. It may be a relic from pouched marsupials.

COCCYX
These fused vertebrae are all that’s left of the tail that most mammals still use for balance and communication. Our hominid ancestors lost the need for a tail before they began walking upright.

PARANASAL SINUSES
The nasal sinuses of our early ancestors may have been lined with odor receptors that gave a heightened sense of smell, which aided survival. No one knows why we retain these perhaps troublesome mucus-lined cavities, except to make the head lighter and to warm and moisten the air we breathe.



ATRE

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